21 ապրիլ, 2016 09:04

Nagorno Karabakh: How the Four Day War Played Out in International Media

By Maria Titizian, published in personal blog "Armenia Rising

Wednesday, April 20, 2016

In the early morning hours of April 2, 2016, Azerbaijani armed forces launched simultaneous attacks along the Karabakh-Azerbaijan Line of Contact. This military offensive and unprecedented aggression by the Azerbaijani side, which was met by counter-operations by the Nagorno Karabakh Defense Army spiraled out of control, resulting in dozens of casualties and hundreds wounded on both sides, including civilians. There was evidence of gross human rights violations (attacking and mutilating innocent civilians in their homes; signs of torture on bodies of Armenian soldiers, etc.) by Azerbaijani military that run contrary to International Humanitarian Law and the Geneva Convention on the Treatment of Prisoners of War and the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions (August 12, 1949) relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts.

This recent escalation is the worst since the 1994 Russian-brokered ceasefire that brought hostilities to a tenuous end.

What has now come to be known as the Four Day War caught the attention of the world’s leading media outlets, some of whom sent crews to the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh to report the story from the ground as it was unfolding.

The complex history and political nuances of the ethnically Armenian enclave of Nagorno Karabakh resulted in sometimes questionable journalism. It also brought to the surface the allegiances and biases of several media outlets.

Below is a tentative list of reports from a number of news organizations. This list is not exhaustive and will be continually updated. A sincere attempt was made to avoid duplication (i.e. news organizations using AP or Reuters). At the bottom of the list you can find the opinion pieces written about the issue (these are included in the full list, hence there will be duplication).

A much larger analysis is still needed to identify trends in how the conflict was reported. Missing here is Russian and Turkish media.

Mher Boghigian contributed to this post.

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April 2, 2016

New York Times: “Fighting Between Azerbaijan and Armenia Flares Up in Nagorno-Karabakh” Wall Street Journal: “A Dozen Die in Armenian Separatist Fightng”

USNews: “Nagorno-Karabakh: 30 Soldiers Reported Killed”

BBC: “Nagorno-Karabakh ‘Under Daily Threat of War”

France24: “Deadly Clashes Erupt in Azerbaijan’s Nagorno-Karabakh Region”

The Guardian: “Conflict Erupts Between Azerbaijani and Armenian Forces”

Deutsche Welle: “Fighting Erupts on Nagorno-Karabakh Front Lines”

Vice: “Putin Tells Armenia and Azerbaijan to Cool it After Fighting Erupts in Disputed Region”

The Boston Globe: “Ethnic Tinderbox Flares in Armenian Separatist Enclave in Azerbaijan” April 3, 2016

BBC:”Nagorno-Karabakh Violence: Worst Clashes in Decades Kill Dozens”

BBC: “Nagorno-Karabakh Clash: Turkey Backs Azeris ‘to the end’ Against Armenia

Al Jazeera: “Nagorno-Karabakh: Rehearsal for an Upcoming War?

Al Jazeera: “Nagorno-Karabakh: The Death of Diplomacy”

New York Times: “Azerbaijan Claims to Halt Violence in Nagorno-Karabakh, But Warns Armenia”

WashingtonTimes: “Azerbaijan, Armenia Fight Over Disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Territory:

Wall Street Journal: “U.S., Russia Call for Restraint After Outbreak of Fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh”

CNN: “Azerbaijan Claims Ceasefire in Deadly Feud; Armenia Says Violence is Still Going”

RFERL: “At Least 32 Killed in Heavy Fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh”

The Boston Globe: “Azerbaijan Claims to Halt Fighting in Ethnic Enclave But Warns Armenia”

April 4, 2016

Al Jazeera: “Nagorno-Karabakh Crisis Escalates Amid Threat of War”

Wall Street Journal: “Crisis Escalates in Nagorno-Karabakh”

Reuters: “Armenia Warns Nagorno-Karabakh Clashes Could Turn into All-out War”

EuroNews: “Calls for Calm After Third Day of Fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh”

The Guardian: “Azerbaijan and Armenia Clashes Continue for Third Day”

France24: “Azerbaijan Says Three Killed in Fresh Nagorno-Karabakh Clashes”

Deutsche Welle: “New Clashes Erupt Between Armenia, Azerbaijan Over Nagorno-Karabakh”

Eurasianet: “Can Karabakh Pull Back from the Brink?”

Eurasianet: “De Waal: Kremlin ‘Not Primary Actor’ Behind Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict”

The Boston Globe: "Heavy fighting reported between Azerbaijan troops and Armenian separatists:

The Chicago Tribune: "Armenia Warns of 'Full-scale War' if Karabakh Clashes Worsen"

April 5, 2016

Al Jazeera: “Armenia and Azerbaijan Call Nagorno Karabakh Ceasefire”

The Guardian: “Nagorno-Karabakh: Azeri-Armenian Ceasefire Agreed in Disputed Region”

Euronews: “Nagorno-Karabakh: Halt in Hostilities Announced”

Wall Street Journal: “Fighting Dies Down Between Azerbaijan and Armenian Rebels”

Washington Post: “The Crisis Over Nagorno-Karabakh, Explained”

BBC: "Nagorno-Karabakh: Azeri-Armenian ceasefire agreed"

Reuters: "Turkey stands by Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Davutoglu"

Deutsche Welle: "Flare-up of Nagorno Karabakh conflict"

Eurasianet: "Azerbaijan, Armenian-Backed Separatists Agree Karabakh Ceasefire"

France 24: “Azerbaijan agrees truce with authorities in Nagorno-Karabakh”

RFERL: "Azerbaijan, Armenian Forces Announce Karabakh Cease-fire"

RFERL: "'Open Secret': Experts Cast Doubt on Yerevan's Claims Over Nagorno-Karabakh"

Vice: "A Ceasefire Has been Declared in Nagorno-Karabakh"

The Boston Globe: “Tensions Run High Between Azerbaijan, Armenia Despite Truce”

 April 6, 2016

Al Jazeera: "Nagorno-Karabakh is not a localised conflist"

BBC: “Nagorno-Karabakh Profile” Reuters: "Nagorno-Karabakh truce holds, but residents fear renewed violence"

Eurasianet: "Fighting Over Nagorno Karabakh Takes to Cyber Space"

Washington Post: “Here are the 5 things you need to know about Nagorno-Karabakh”

Haaertz: “Israeli-made Suicide Drone Used in Nagorno Karabakh”

The Chicago Tribune: “Oil Riches Help Azerbaijan Outgun Armenia in Military Spending” The Chicago Tribune: “Frozen Post-Soviet Conflicts Don’t Always Stay that Way” The Chicago Tribune: “Azerbaijan Ambassador Blasts Kim Kardashian”

April 7, 2016

The Guardian: “Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict: patriotism prevails on both sides”

NewYork Times: “Solve the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict Before it Explodes”

Al Jazeera: “Azerbaijan Says Nagorno Karabakh Ceasefire Broken”

USNews: “Russia and Iran Join Talks Over Nagorno Karabakh Conflict”

Eurasianet: "Turkey-Russia Antagonism Playing Out in Karabakh"

Al-Monitor: "Will Iran and Russia join forces on Azerbaijani-Armenian conflict?"

Wall Street Journal: “Germany Steps Up Effort to Resolve Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh” Euronews: “Russia Leads Diplomatic Efforts in Brokering Agreement Over Nagorno Karabakh Conflict”

Deutsche Welle: “Russia mediates as Azerbaijan and Armenia Accuse Each Other of Ceasefire Violations”

RFERL: “Azerbaijan Accuses Nagorno Karabakh Separatists of Violating Ceasefire”

The Jerusalem Post: “Azerbaijan Under Siege: A Friend of Israel in Need of Our Support”

The Boston Globe: “Nagorno Karabakh Truce in Trouble as Russia, Iran Join Talks” April 8, 2016

The Guardian: “Rights and Wrongs in Nagorno Karabakh”

Reuters: "Nagorno-Karabakh combatants strike deal to safely recover their dead"

USNews: “Skirmishes Continue In Nagorno Karabakh Despite Ceasefire”

Eurasianet: “Nagorno Karabakh: Trying to Separate Fact from Fiction”

The Chicago Tribune: “Russia Pushes for Karabakh Talks as Fragile Ceasefire Holds” April 9, 2016

Economist: “A Frozen Conflict Explodes”

Reuters: “Russia Says Won’t Halt Arms Race to Arch Foes Armenia and Azerbaijan”

Foreign Policy News: “Nagorno Karabagh, Part of Azerbaijan”

Independent:”Echoes of Stalinism Abound in the Very Modern Azerbaijan Armenia Conflict”

Newsweek Europe: “What’s Behind the Biggest Flair Up in 20 Years in Karabakh?”

April 10, 2016

Haaertz: “Armenia Protests Azerbaijan’s Use of Israeli-Made Suicide Drone”

April 11, 2016

Haaertz: “Israel Intends to Send More Drones to Azerbaijan in Coming Days, Meretz Chairwoman Claims”

April 14, 2016

Reuters: "Azerbaijan says one soldier killed in fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh"

April 15, 2016

The Economist: “The Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh”

Voice of America: "Erdogan Steps Up Support of Azerbaijan in Karabakh Dispute"

Global Research: "Military Escalation in Nagorno-Karabakh on Russia's Doorstep"

Reuters: "Nagorno-Karabakh Says One of its Soldiers Killed by Azeri Gunfire"

Al-Monitor: “Why Isreal is Staying Silent on Azerbaijan-Armenia Conflict “

The Knicks Nation: “President Aliyev: 400 houses in Azerbaijani Karabakh destroyed by Armenia”

Info Europa: "Nagorno-Karabakh: ICRC Facilitates Retrieval and Transfer of Those Killed in Action"

World Policy Blog: “Diplomacy with Dictators”

April 16, 2016

 Arab News:“Resolving Karabakh Problem”

The Daily Star: “Two Armenian Soldiers Killed in Karabakh”

Eurasia Review: “Setting Nagorno Karabakh and Reviewing the Peripheral Talking Points”

Info Europa: “Responsobility for Unsafe Consequences Lies with Azerbaijan: Armenian MFA”

The Jerusalem Post: “Isreal and Azerbaijan--The Odd Couple” April 17, 2016

Stratfor: “A Game Much Larger Than Nagorno Karabakh”

Korea Times: “Embassy Line”

April 18, 2016

Eurasianet: “Nagorno-Karabakh--Who Won the Media War?”

Mintpress News: “Isreal’s role in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict”

Sputnik News:  “Intensive Phase of Talks on Karabakh Conflict May Start in Coming Days”

RFE/RL: "Nagorno-Karabakh Says Fighter Killed by Azerbaijani Fire"

The Indian Panorama:

- “Nagorno Karabakh Combatants Strike Deal to Safely Recover”

- “Ceasefire Largely Holding Around Nagorno Karabakh”

- “Skirmishes Continue in Nagorno-Karabakh Despite Ceasefire”

- “Nagorno Karabakh Truce in Trouble as Russia and Iran Join Talks”

The Knicks Nation: “Russian Federation pushes for Karabakh talks as fragile cease-fire holds”

The Jewish Journal: “Violence Against Azerbaijan: The Deep Implications For Our Community”

Shanghai Daily: "Azerbaijan denies reports of wounding two Armenian soldiers"

April 19, 2016

New York Times: "Amid Ethnic Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, an Oasis Thrives"

VICE: "In Photos: The Disputed Lands of Nagorno-Karabakh"

Los Angeles Times: “Here’s Why a ‘Frozen’ Conflict Between Armenia and Azerbaijan has gotten hot”

Opinion Pieces

April 3, 2016

Al Jazeera: “Nagorno-Karabakh: Rehearsal for an Upcoming War?

Al Jazeera: “Nagorno-Karabakh: The Death of Diplomacy”

 April 4, 2016

Eurasianet: “Can Karabakh Pull Back from the Brink?”

April 5, 2016

Washington Post: “The Crisis Over Nagorno-Karabakh, Explained”

April 6, 2016

Al Jazeera: "Nagorno-Karabakh is not a localised conflict"

Reuters: “Nagorno-Karabakh truce holds, but residents fear renewed violence”

Washington Post: “Here are the 5 things you need to know about Nagorno-Karabakh”

April 7, 2016

The Guardian: “Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict: patriotism prevails on both sides”

NewYork Times: “Solve the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict Before it Explodes” Eurasianet: “Turkey-Russia Antagonism Playing Out in Karabakh”

Al-Monitor: “Will Iran and Russia join forces on Azerbaijani-Armenian conflict?”

The Jerusalem Post: “Azerbaijan Under Siege: A Friend of Israel in Need of Our Support”

April 8, 2016

The Guardian: “Rights and Wrongs in Nagorno Karabakh”

April 9, 2016

Economist: “A Frozen Conflict Explodes”

Foreign Policy News: “Nagorno Karabagh, Part of Azerbaijan”

Independant:”Echoes of Stalinism Abound in the Very Modern Azerbaijan Armenia Conflict”

Newsweek Europe: “What’s Behind the Biggest Flair Up in 20 Years in Karabakh?”

April 15, 2016

The Economist: “The Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh”

Al-Monitor: “Why Isreal is Staying Silent on Azerbaijan-Armenia Conflict “

World Policy Blog: “Diplomacy with Dictators”

April 16, 2016

Arab News: “Resolving Karabakh Problem”

Eurasia Review: “Setting Nagorno Karabakh and Reviewing the Peripheral Talking Points” The Jerusalem Post: "Israel and Azerbaijan -- The Odd Couple"

April 17, 2016

Stratfor: “A Game Much Larger Than Nagorno Karabakh”

April 18, 2016

Eurasianet: “Nagorno-Karabakh--Who Won the Media War?”

Mintpress News: “Isreal’s role in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict”

The Jewish Journal: “Violence Against Azerbaijan: The Deep Implications For Our Community”

April 19, 2016

New York Times: "Amid Ethnic Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, an Oasis Thrives"

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