Nikol Pashinyan was confirmed as prime minister on May 8. From there, he began to form his government, the executive branch of the governing system, comprising Deputy Prime Ministers and ministers of specific institutions. This had to be completed within a 15-day timeframe from the date of his appointment as prime minister, as per the constitution.
Now that the government is formed (approved by the President), the Prime Minister will have 20 days from that date to submit his Program, or government platform/agenda, to the National Assembly (Article 151, Section 1 of the constitution). The National Assembly then has seven days from the date of submission to review and subsequently approve or reject the Program.
The constitution, in language that is not clearly stated, and which has opened the space for legal discussion, then goes on to say: If the Program is rejected (does not receive a majority of the votes in the National Assembly), then per Article 151 Section 3 of the Constitution (the first sentence), a new process begins to elect a prime minister through the National Assembly (the same process that took place in electing Nikol Pashinyan as prime minister). If a prime minister is then elected and again the National Assembly does not approve the Program the National Assembly will then be dissolved.
If the National Assembly is dissolved, then snap elections will take place for parliament, and they will be held under the current electoral code, the code that Nikol Pashinyan and activists of the ‘Velvet Revolution’ have stated they are looking to change.
cAppointments for all positions of minister of the new government were finalized on May 12. Pashinyan’s government has 20 days (not business or working days) from that day to introduce their Program to the National Assembly. Therefore, Prime Minister Pashinyan must submit the Program by June 1. The National Assembly will then need to vote on the Program by June 8.
Here are the specific portions of the Constitution that are referred to in the report above:
Article 150. Formation of the Government
The Government shall be formed within a period of fifteen days following appointment of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister shall, within a period of five days following his or her appointment, propose to the President of the Republic candidates for Deputy Prime Ministers and ministers. The President of the Republic shall, within a period of three days, either appoint Deputy Prime Ministers and ministers, or apply to the Constitutional Court. The Constitutional Court shall examine the application and take a decision within a period of five days. If the President of the Republic fails to fulfil the requirements prescribed by this Article within a period of three days, the corresponding Deputy Prime Minister or minister shall be deemed to be appointed by virtue of law.
Article 151. Programme of the Government
1. The Prime Minister shall, within a period of twenty days following formation of the Government, submit to the National Assembly the Programme of the Government.
2. The National Assembly shall approve the Programme of the Government within a period of seven days, by majority of votes of the total number of Deputies.
3. In case the National Assembly does not approve the Programme of the Government and does not elect a new Prime Minister in accordance with parts 2 and 3 of Article 149 of the Constitution, the National Assembly shall be dissolved by virtue of law. If the National Assembly elects the Prime Minister, yet again does not approve the Programme of the Government, the National Assembly shall be dissolved by virtue of law.
4. Part 3 of this Article shall not extend to the Programme of the Government formed in accordance with Article 115 of the Constitution. In case the Programme of this Government is not approved, the National Assembly shall be dissolved by virtue of law.