8 January, 2020 16:40

Armenia’s Population Numbers Hit Lowest Levels Since 1990s

By Emilio Luciano Cricchio

According to the Statistical Committee of Armenia, as of January 1, 2019, Armenia’s permanent population is at 2,965,300. This is a 550,000 drop from the early 1990s at the time of Armenian's independence from the Soviet Union. 

Despite a speculated reduction in emigration, the general population figures are still on the decline. 

Analysts have pinned the figure on long term declines in the birth rates, as well as an increase in mortality rates. 

According to the United Nations, Armenia’s birth rate has been declining relatively significantly.

In 2014, 43,183 births recorded, while in 2016 the number was at 40,592 and in 2018 at 36,502. 

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This is further coupled by a steady death rate in the last few years, ranging from 26,000 to 28,000.

For a society not to experience a population decline, fertility rates should be around the 2.1 mark. However, according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Armenia’s fertility rate is at 1.57, the lowest in the region, with Georgia having a fertility rate of 1.76 and Azerbaijan at 2.1.   

In August 2019, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan vowed to increase the population of Armenia to at least 5 million by 2050. 

However, the UNFPA is less optimistic about this vision. Tsovinar Harutyunyan, a representative of UNFPA Armenia, responded to Pashinyan, saying, “We will (...) record a population decline to 2.816 million by 2050. Notabily, this is just a forecast.The vision which the government has presented is not based on the future.”

Armenia’s population since 1990 (data from Statiscal Committee of Armenia)

1990 – 3,514,900

1991 – 3,574,500

1992 – 3,633,300

1993 – 3,463,700

1994 – 3,356,700

1995 – 3,260,300

1996 – 3,248,800

1997 – 3,246,000

1998 – 3,238,200

1999 – 3,232,100

2000 – 3,226,900

2001 – 3,215,300

2002 – 3,208,300

2003 – 3,191,200

2004 – 3,173,800

2005 – 3,156,000

2006 – 3,136,800

2007 – 3,117,400

2008 – 3,097,300

2009 – 3,076,800

2010 – 3,055,200

2011 – 3,034,500

2012 – 3,021,400

2013 – 3,026,900

2014 – 3,017,100

2015 – 3,010,600

2016 – 2,998,600

2017 – 2,986,100

2018 – 2,972,700

2019 – 2,965,300